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Dual-Functional Substates for SERS- and SEIRAS-Based Detection of Analytes
This invention provides cost-effective, dual-functional substrates for analyte detection by using Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) and Surface Enhanced Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy (SEIRAS).
Published: 5/10/2018   |   Inventor(s): Lili He, Chen Tan
Category(s): Material science, Nanotechnology, Research tools
Large Area Formation of Porous Media and Patterned Carbon Composites
This invention provides rapid and low cost methods to make porous media and carbon composite materials as high-performance components for energy storage, electronics, senors and other applications.
Published: 5/9/2018   |   Inventor(s): James Watkins, DonG-po Song
Category(s): Physical Science, Nanotechnology, Material science
Flame Retardant Monomers and Crosslinked Polymers
This invention provides flame retardant monomers and polymers. The monomers are unsaturated deoxybenzoin compounds that are inherently fire resistant and can decrease the flammability of unsaturated polymers by crosslinking the polymers.
Published: 5/1/2018   |   Inventor(s): Todd Emrick, E. Bryan Coughlin, Megan Szyndler, Aabid Mir, Justin Timmons
Category(s): Chemicals, Material science, Physical Science
Low Cost, Durable Master Molds for Pattern Transfer
This invention provides a method to make low cost, durable master molds for micro- and nano-scale pattern transfer. The transferred pattern can have a variety of functional utilities such as manipulating wetting, adhesion an antimicrobial properties, inducing color, harvesting light, etc. The master molds can be created on flexible substrates, enabling additional opportunities including roll-to-roll embossing and use in blow molding and other operations.
Published: 4/30/2018   |   Inventor(s): James Watkins, Feyza Dundar
Category(s): Material science, Nanotechnology, Physical Science
Methods for Making Ultra-high Strength Multilayer Graphene Materials
This invention provides methods for making ultra-high strength, light-weight multilayer graphene materials.
Published: 12/21/2017   |   Inventor(s): Christos Dimitrakopoulos, Dimitrios Maroudas, Yuxi (nancy) Wang
Category(s): Material science, Engineering, Physical Science, Nanotechnology, Electronics
Pressure Sensitive Adhesives
Pressure sensitive adhesives bond two materials when physical pressure is applied to marry the adhesive with the adherent. They are widely applied in self-adhesive tapes, labels and marking films, medical plasters and pads, dermal pharmaceutical dosage forms, medical drapes and biomedical electrodes. Curing current adhesives often involves UV irradiation or heat, capital and energy intensive steps which may produce to toxic byproducts.

 

The invention concerns novel compositions and crosslinking strategies that greatly simplify fabrication of pressure sensitive adhesives.  A soluble and flowable polymer containing latent crosslinking sites is applied to a substrate as a low-viscosity solution or melt.  After application, spontaneous crosslinking occurs at ambient conditions, eliminating the need for post-crosslinking equipment, capital and expense. It also eliminates formation of undesired or toxic residues; allows the formation of crosslinked adhesive layers on temperature-sensitive substrates; enables the use of opaque crosslinkable adhesive formulations; and facilitates the incorporation of adhesives into porous or complex substrates. These strategies may be generalized to broader classes of solvent borne and hot melt pressure adhesives.

 

Published: 8/14/2017   |   Inventor(s): Shelly Peyton, John Klier, Yen Tran, Todd Emrick
Category(s): Engineering, Healthcare, Material science
Fulleropyrrolidine Interlayers for High Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells
Interface engineering is critical for achieving efficient solar cells.  This invention provides a significant power conversion efficiency (PCE) improvement of fullerene/perovskite planar heterojunction solar cells from 7.50% to 15.48% by inserting a fulleropyrrolidine interlayer between the metal electrode and the electron transport layer. The interlayer enhances recombination resistance, increases electron extraction rate and prolongs free carrier lifetime.cells.
Published: 8/11/2017   |   Inventor(s): Thomas Russell, Todd Emrick, Yao Liu, Zachariah Page
Category(s): Devices, Physical Science, Material science, Clean Energy
Chemically Stable Fibers Electrospun from Polyelectrolytes
The invention is a new platform for fabricating nano- and macro- scale fiber materials and for encapsulation. Complex coacervates are associative complexes of positive and negative polyelectrolytes, which form complexes due to a combination of electrostatic and entropic interactions between the oppositely charged polyions. Due to their aqueous solubility, polyelectrolyte solutions are a good medium for encapsulating small molecules. However, while the concept of polyelectrolyte complexes for a drug delivery system and other applications has seen heightened interest in recent years, significant obstacles and challenges remain both in processing technologies and functionalities of the resulting materials.

 

Electrospinning is an established, versatile, inexpensive and scalable process for creating continuous, nanofibrous mats of non-woven nano-/micro-scale diameter fibers. Electrospun mats hold great promise in biomedical, environmental, and industrial fields.

 

The invention provides novel polymer nanofiber or microfiber mats and methods for their preparation via an aqueous, one-step polyelectrolyte complexation and electrospinning of complex coacervates. The process involves an aqueous medium and no organic solvents and/or strongly acidic or basic condition, resulting in chemically and thermally robust fiber mats. Thus, this process and the resulting materials have tremendous potential as a green processing strategy that can serve as the basis for developing a new class environmentally benign fiber scaffolds for use in applications, such as wound healing, water remediation, catalysis, and food packaging.

 

Published: 8/11/2017   |   Inventor(s): Jessica Schiffman, Sarah Perry, Xiangxi Meng
Category(s): Material science, Healthcare, Engineering
Method OF Transfer Printing
2-dimensional (2D) materials are characterized as being one or two atoms thick. Graphene (image above) is by far the best known 2D material. However, there are many other 2D materials with attractive properties (e.g. hexagonal boron nitrides (hBN), transition metal dichalcogenides, etc.). Due to their superior physical properties, graphene and related 2D materials have the potential to revolutionize many industries, enable development of new devices, and provide new functionalities to existing technologies. In short, these materials have the potential to be disruptive and pervasive. Despite their overwhelming promise, however, industrial scale manufacture of these materials is not yet a reality, due in part to an inability to control layer number and to print over large surface areas.

 

To address this problem, scientists at UMass Amherst have engineered a high-precision printing method that is compatible with current industrial manufacturing processes. This simple method allows single layer 2D material to be patterned, transferred and printed onto a substrate, enabling the fabrication of novel 2D heterostructures devices. Thus, this method will facilitate the assembly of novel devices and enable large-scale manufacture of devices with designed properties.

Published: 8/10/2017   |   Inventor(s): Qiangfei Xia, Peng Lin
Category(s): Material science, Nanotechnology
Patterning of 1-D, 2-D and 3-D Nanostructures
This invention provides methods of manufacturing a nanotextured surface comprising disposing a nanoparticulate ink on a substrate.
Published: 8/9/2017   |   Inventor(s): James Watkins, Rohit Kothari
Category(s): Material science, Nanotechnology, Physical Science, Devices & sensors
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